Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Ethical Dilemma Of A Family Nurse Practitioner

As a family nurse practitioner (FNP), we have the responsibility to provide the best care we can with the patient’s best interest at heart. On a daily basis we deal with the needs and wants of our patients, this alone provides an ethical dilemma. What we think is best and what our patients want could in fact create an ethical dilemma, however, when we have an ethical dilemma, it is our responsibility to get to a decision with caring, respect, an open mind and honesty to our patients (Parker, 2007). In making a decision regarding an ethical dilemma it is our responsibility to use a framework model to guide us in making an informed decision that is best for our patients. It may not always be the most popular decision but if it is in our patient’s best interest, then you are practicing as a good and prudent, NP. Ethical Dilemma: When is it appropriate to prescribe antibiotic therapy? The ethical dilemma is this; a new FNP is working in a primary care practice. She is seeing patients and her friend Kate comes in with a cold. The FNP believes it is viral. Kate is insisting on getting a prescription for an antibiotic. The FNP does not feel that prescribing an antibiotic is warranted based on her findings as well as Kate’s signs and symptoms. The FNP faces the dilemma of what happens if she gives in to Kate and prescribes an antibiotic versus not prescribing an antibiotic due to it not being necessary. We as practicing providers have an ethical responsibility to our patients atShow MoreRelatedEthical Dilemmas : Ethical Dilemma824 Words   |  4 PagesDiscuss the ethical dilemmas PMHNPs sometimes find themselves in and name the opposing ethical principles Ethics can be described as the act of doing good or doing what is considered right based on the individual s understanding. Ethical dilemma’s are the conflicts that evolve from the understanding of different course of action or expectations. PMHNPs face ethical dilemmas just like other nurse practitioner specialties. There has to be mutual trusting relationship between the therapist and theRead MoreAnalysis of an Ethical Dilemma Essay1232 Words   |  5 Pages Analysis of an Ethical Dilemma (Part1) Voluntary/ Assisted Euthanasia By Feba Erattakulangara, Jacinda Koski, Nne Uyoh, Olga Gray Grand Canyon University Ethical Decision Making in Health Care NRS 437V February 24, 2013 Analysis of an Ethical Dilemma (Part1) Voluntary/ Assisted Euthanasia Amongst the multitude of ethical dilemmas in health care the debate about voluntary or assisted euthanasia presents to be theRead MoreThe Ethical issues in Paediatric Wards Essay990 Words   |  4 Pagestransfusion during the surgery (Meadow et al., 2010). There are no absolute rights or wrongs to this case, which is based on a synthesis of other actual clinical scenarios. The aim of this essay is to explore the dilemmas between the ethical issues, the law and the wishes of the family and the effect of it. Ethics is a branch of philosophy concerned with the study of rational processes for decision-making. Culturally effective pediatric health care can be defined as the delivery of care within theRead MoreThe At University Family Nurse Practitioner Program For Fall 2016895 Words   |  4 PagesI am writing to express my interest in admittance to the South University Family Nurse Practitioner program for fall of 2016. This program came highly recommended to me by a professional colleague who is currently precepting students enrolled in this program. I have been a registered nurse for eleven years and have recently received my bachelor’s degree in nursing from Daytona State College _______. I have earned an extensive amount of experience in several different fields of nursing such asRead MoreThe Ethical Dilemma Of Palliative Care1426 Words   |  6 Pages Diploma of Nursing Teacher’s name- Rachel Gilder 12 May, 2016 Ethical dilemma essay An ethical dilemma is a difficult situation that usually involves a conflict between moral obligations, in which to obey one would result in disobeying another (Murphy, 1997). Sedation is an ethical dilemma in palliative care because on one side it helps to relieve suffering for patients who are terminally ill and almost at the end of their lives. However, at the same time, sedation is making the patient deprivedRead MoreThe Ethical Dilemma Of Grand Nursing Theories1577 Words   |  7 Pagesare abstract and can be applied to many different situations. Because grand nursing theories are broad they can be applied to ethical dilemmas that occur in nursing practice. Ethical dilemmas are a part of the healthcare field and it is important to know how to navigate through the murky waters that dilemmas can present. Nursing theories are a road map that allows nurses and healthcare workers to find the best option to resolve a problem. One of the theories developed was by Virginia Henderson an dRead MoreImportance of Ethical Theory in Nursing1322 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction The concept of ethical nursing and culturally competent care are becoming more and more important in the contemporary nursing practice (Smith Godfrey,2002).Despite their general appreciation in nursing practice, challenges and dilemma often clouds their application in a world which is continually being marked with a culturally diverse and demanding population. In this paper we present a critical review of ethics and cultural competence in professional nursing practice with a clearRead MoreEthical Dilemmas Of Health Care1224 Words   |  5 PagesEthical Dilemmas in Health Care Nurses are constantly challenged by changes which occur in their practice environment and are under the influence of internal or external factors. Due to the increased complexity of the health system, nowadays nurses are faced with ethical and legal decisions and often come across dilemmas regarding patient care. From this perspective a good question to be raised would be whether or not nurses have the necessary background, knowledge and skills to make appropriateRead MoreEthics : Ethics And Ethics1569 Words   |  7 Pagesprofessionals who often face dilemmas that are not experienced by the general population. The fast-paced growth of medical technology has made the study of ethics even more relevant. The study of bioethics, or biomedical ethics, refers to moral dilemmas due to advances in medicine and medical research. Since medical law and ethics are often interrelated, nurses need to have a clear understanding of both in order to protect themselves, their employer, and the patie nt. Nurses as one of the health serviceRead MoreCode Of Ethics And National And International Charters1023 Words   |  5 Pagesethics and laws in place that health professionals such as nurses must apply, when considering what should be done for the patient at the end-of-life. According to Kerridge et al., (2013) the law and ethics are different yet interrelated, the law are compulsory regulations that health practitioners must adhere to. The code of ethics in Australia, is a guide for ethical decision-making that helps health practitioners to identify ethical standards and values they are committed to, that are incorporated

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Educational Psychology Next Generation Essay - 1394 Words

Introduction Tomorrow’s leaders are sitting in desks, roaming the halls, and hanging out with friends. They are being influenced by the people around them. Their social development today impacts their roles in society tomorrow. Prevention clubhouses are working to target at risk youth and empower them to make a difference. One of these dedicated facilities is located in Northeast Georgia. Next Generation Prevention Clubhouse is impacting adolescents through positive social development. Next Generation also uses teaching styles that are student driven. I was fortunate enough to get to observe how this takes place and its relation to educational psychology. Next Generation Youth Clubhouse Next Generation is one of three youth clubhouses in Georgia. The clubhouse targets 6th to 12th grade students in Dawson County. The afterschool program focuses on positive youth development. This is done through projects in STEaM (science, technology, engineering, arts, and mathematics) fields, life skills activities, and promoting community service. Next Generation is building up new leaders. I observed activities and lessons done at the clubhouse for my 20 hours of field experience. Most students were between sixth and 10th grade. There was a mix of boys and girls attending the clubhouse. Attendance is completely optional though encouraged for students who meet program requirements. My Field Experience: Connections to Educational Psychology (1)As an education major, I had heard andShow MoreRelatedThe Hurried Child1213 Words   |  5 Pagesmuch of the wrong things. Parents and the general society are pushing this generation to becoming mini-adults that seem mature, but is not yet developed enough to actually be mature. As a result, the children become frustrated and stressed, leading to the development of disabilities and disorders. Parents and society needs to not only become aware of, but to also take charge of the mental condition of the next generation. The term â€Å"hurried child syndrome† is defined by the Urban Dictionary as â€Å"aRead MoreConcept Of Well Being As Defined By The Center For Disease Control And Prevention1109 Words   |  5 Pages 2005) THE â€Å"THREE GENERATIONS APPROACH† In order to establish the relation between these scales of well being and the extent of human rights, an attempt is required to narrow down the Universal Human Rights as propounded in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). This can be achieved by adopting the â€Å"Three-Generation Approach† to segregating the existing Human Rights stated in the UDHR. In 1979, Karel Vasak introduced a systematic theory of â€Å"The Third Generation of Human Rights.† TheRead MoreStudent-Teacher Relationships in Teacher Program Education s629 Words   |  3 Pagesshould have been better to tell the Student Teacher to prepare more consciously the key concepts of the lesson next time. We agree. But we also believe that any form of knowledge should be considered valid as far as it is useful when dealing with practical situations. For us we have in this example, in the very end, an expert teacher’s rule of thumb to solve the problem quickly the next time the Student Teach er might face a similar situation. If the mentor teacher, as expert, recommend using thatRead MoreCognitive Development Theory Essay1691 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"Constructivism†. In constructivism it is not the world, or society that is developing a child but it is the child that is taking in information and constructing themselves with the information that the society they live in has accumulated over previous generations. Jean Piaget’s (1896-1980) theory of constructivism states that children are only able to learn up to a certain level of development and once a biological mile stone mark has been reached then they will be able to take in new information andRead MoreAre Bilinguals Smarter Than Monolinguals Essay833 Words   |  4 Pages2012). Bilinguals are thought to be smarter than Monolinguals (Rubio-Fernà ¡ndez amp; Glucksberg, 2012). Smartness is a measure of successfulness in their education (Hatt, 2007, p. 146). Because of this, there is a debate to decide whether the next generation of children should be exposed to a Bilingual education. This has led to research into whether Bilingual education slows the learning of literacy and numeracy (Barnett, Yarosz, Thomas, Jung, amp; Blanco, 2007). Research has also looked at specificRead MoreHow Offspring Education Level Improve Parents Longevity1622 Words   |  7 Pagesof family members is an important factor linked to the longevity of older adults in this case to their parents. According to the chart, offspring and parents obtain similar levels of schooling. Resulting that parents can impact their offspring educational outcomes. For respondent’s schooling with less than a high school diploma, an average of 18% of their offspring have less than a high school diploma, one-half completed high school, 16% have some college, and 16% have a college degree or more (FigRead MoreMaking Our School Systems Eco Friendly1149 Words   |  5 Pages Our generation today is known as the starter generation when it comes to sustainability. We are just now becoming economically aware and starting to change our ways to help the environment. That might mean we are starting to be smarter about our means of transportation or it might mean that we are making more of an effort to recycle. Either way we are starting to make strides towards reducing our carbon footprint. While it is great that our generation is doing these things, it is extremely importantRead MoreWhy Philosophy, Sociology, and Psychology of Education Play an Important role in the Development of Youngs Abilities, Knowledge, and Personality632 Words   |  2 Pagesa form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, or research. Moreover, education can develop human being to gain the ability, knowledge, and personality. Thus, the study in foundation of education conte xt provides three significant roles such as philosophy, sociology, and psychology of education. The philosophy of education studies the aims, forms, methods, and results of acquiring knowledgeRead MoreAnalysis Of Eriksons Eight Stages Of Development734 Words   |  3 Pageswere extremely popular during Erikson’s era. However, Erikson’s theory differs from other popular theories in that a person does not have to successfully complete one stage of development to move on to the next stage of development. Erikson’s stages of development are widely taught in psychology courses in the United States. Each stage is presented as two opposing statements representing the challenges a person faces at a particular age. If the person does not overcome the challenges of his or herRead MoreThe Disadvantages Of Home Schooling1690 Words   |  7 Pagesmust examine both systems flaws. Then work on eliminating them and use their attributes to rebuild education in general. There is a reason why both homeschooling and public schools exist and its feasible that we analyze the motives behind both educational track. John Holt promoted the alternative schooling movement around the 1970’s. Holt discouraged parents from enrolling there kids in public schools. He warned families that school were centered around factory like learning that rendered students

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Enterprise Architecture ( Ea ) Essay - 1221 Words

Body Enterprise Architecture (EA) is a process of describing the structure and behavior of an enterprise (including its information systems), then planning and governing changes to improve the integrity and flexibility of the enterprise. â€Å"Well Gartner defines EA is the process of translating business vision and strategy into effective enterprise change by creating, communicating and improving the key requirements, principles and models that describe the enterprise’s future state and enable its evolution†. Basically EA is all about technology planning. In other words EA is a component of the overall strategic planning in a company. The company’s strategic planning is done by the CEO. This is where senior leader directs change in the company. When we talk about change, change in roles and responsibilities, processes such as data and information, existing or new applications, infrastructure and possibly technology. Enterprise Architecture – Its Purpose As we all know the company is focused on making a profit. The purpose of EA is to maximize investment returns, improve performance and embrace emerging technologies that support the business. †¢ Enable changes to the business strategy with quick response changes in enabling processes and technology solutions. †¢ Reduces redundancy, hence lower total cost of ownership. †¢ Achieves economies of scale by sharing services. To go further in to what is enterprise architecture a lot depends on sort of framework we use. There are lot ofShow MoreRelatedEnterprise Architecture ( Ea )1567 Words   |  7 PagesEnterprise architecture (EA) is â€Å"a well-defined practice for conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning and implementation, using a holistic approach at all times, for the successful development and execution of strategy. Enterprise architecture applies architecture principles and practices to guide organizations through the business, information, process, and technology changes necessary to execute their strategies. These practices utilize the various aspects of an enterprise to identifyRead MoreConcept Of Enterprise Architecture ( Ea )960 Words   |  4 PagesThis article shows you a review about the concept of enterprise architecture (EA), and its importance of being integrated within the modern organizations in order to improve and proper document the organizations’ process. Org anizations function in an operational environment that is enough complex, governed and globalized, as well as the need to maintain high levels of competitiveness. In addition, companies must manage the complexity of its information systems; they should keep active updated systemsRead MoreImpact On Ea And Its Conventional Practices Of Enterprise Architecture1289 Words   |  6 PagesIOE IMPACT ON EA - Introduction Enterprise Architecture (EA) is a well-established practice followed within most of the enterprises to conduct planning, analysis, design and execution. On the other hand, Internet of Everything (IOE) is a radically new concept of connecting people, process, data and things. This article researches on the impact of IOE on the conventional practices of Enterprise Architecture. The sections below describe EA and its conventional practices. It also describes IOE andRead MoreEnterprise Architecture : Business Architecture1206 Words   |  5 PagesEnterprise Architecture IA-3 2. Here are a few enterprise architecture risks provided by Regine Deleu, †¢ Stakeholders have no understanding of enterprise architecture, and therefore will not support it. This happens when the stakeholders don’t participate in the enterprise architecture program. Another reason can be that the enterprise architecture artifacts are not used in projects, and as a result management questions its value. A solution is to educate and communicate the value of enterprise architectureRead MoreBuilding A Target Conformant And Flexible Enterprise Architecture1464 Words   |  6 Pagestarget-conformant and flexible Enterprise Architecture, and to put it in a perspective, it is very important to analyse and visualize various academic and industrial frameworks and comprehend and define its concepts. Various definitions describe different architectural processes, systems, technologies, components and their relationships (Taleb et al, 2012a).The following section discusses three industrial and three academic frameworks which provide different viewpoints o f Enterprise Architecture. Analysis: Read MoreComparison Between Different Enterprise Architecture Frameworks1667 Words   |  7 Pages4.1 Comparison of Different Enterprise Architecture Frameworks A number of EA frameworks exist in the industry with the goal of addressing the basic challenge of assessing, aligning, and organizing business objectives with technical requirements and strategies. Examples include the Zachman Enterprise Framework, The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF), OMB Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA), and The Gartner Methodology (formerly the Meta Framework). Each framework possesses different strengthsRead MoreMethods For Defining And Analyzing Key EA Performance Metrics Analysis1105 Words   |  5 PagesCameron, B. H. (2015, February). Methods for Defining and Analyzing Key EA Performance Metrics. Business and Enterprise Architecture, 18(2), 1-22. Retrieved from https://www.cutter.com/sites/default/files/architecture/fulltext/reports/2015/02/index/ear1502.pdf This journal strives to close the gap between EA value and the metrics that will define its value. Within the document, the author defines specific categories, that when clearly defined, help prove the value of the organizations assets.Read MoreThe Contemporary Business Environment Is Complex And Relatively1353 Words   |  6 Pagesregard, enterprise architecture will help the organization to improve its decision making, adapt appropriately to the market demands and conditions, eliminate inefficient or redundant processes while at the same time optimize the use of organization resources (FEAPO, 2013). This paper explores the concept of enterprise architecture (EA) with the aim of determining the gap between theory and its practical implementation. Discussion Conventional studies have discussed enterprise architecture (EA) fromRead MoreAmerican Express As A Multinational Financial Service Provider1551 Words   |  7 Pagescorporate cards, prepaid cards, savings, accounts CDs. (American Express, 2014). †¢ Enterprise architecture (EA) are implemented to serve two major functions 1) to provide a framework to collaborate between business and IT processes 2) EA provides a crucial link for bringing transformational changes (Knorr LeClare, 2011). †¢ American Express was named the InfoWorld/Forrester Enterprise Architecture Award for its EA practices and its framework which was used to allign its business and IT processesRead MoreStructure And Behaviour Of An Enterprise Architecture759 Words   |  4 PagesEnterprise Architecture There are a number of definitions that exist of Enterprise Architecture. An enterprise is a collaborative collection of sub-organizations with a shared objective. Architecture is a description of the structure and behaviour of a system. Therefore enterprise architecture is a documentation describing the structure and behaviour of an enterprise including its information systems. There is need for flexibility and resilience in Enterprise Architecture. A lot depends on what sort

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Cold War Ideologies or Insecurity free essay sample

The origins of the Cold War were less about ideologies and more about concerns over insecurity. ’ Discuss. The origins of the cold war were entrenched in both American and Soviet concern over insecurity, and the outbreak of cold war was a process that began towards the end of the Second World War. However, both nations emerged as superpowers after the Second World War, and both shed their policies of isolationism-with the power to influence the global sphere, there is little doubt that there would be conflict of ideology between the nations as well. Ultimately, the conflict between USA and USSR would always stem from the fact that they were fundamentally different, and their ideologies were mutually exclusive. Conflicting ideologies was often thought to be the origin of the Cold War. USA strongly believed in democracy and the system of the free market. People were allowed to vote for leaders and freedom of speech and media were allowed. We will write a custom essay sample on Cold War: Ideologies or Insecurity? or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page USSR, on the other hand, believed in communism and a one- party rule. They operated under a command economy, where the country’s wealth was owned collectively. The democrats believed that communism was a form of slavery to the government, while the communists believed that people in democratic countries were slaves to the rich. When the two countries with clashing ideologies became superpowers, conflict was inevitable as they tried to spread their ideologies to the rest of the world. The clash of USSR’s belief in communism versus USA’s democracy can be traced back to the 1917 civil war in Russia. The West gave support to the whites by supplying them with weapons and capital. Even in the period before WWII, USSR had tried to court the friendship of USA and the West, but the west rebuffed such attempts, allowing Germany to rearm, all in the hope that Hitler (who was strongly against communism) would invade the USSR and stamp out the communist regime once and for all. The Nazi- Soviet pact was thus the USSR turning the tables on USA and the West, supporting Hitler’s plans of crushing the democratic states and implementing his fascist regime across Europe. Ideologies thus played a big part in the conflict between USSR and USA- both were so against the other’s ideologies that they were willing to work with Hitler to see the other side get crushed. Towards the end of WWII, Germany’s defeat was certain, and USA and USSR no longer had a common enemy to link them together. Both of them clashed over what to do with Germany, leading to disagreements at the Potsdam conference. The West needed USSR to ree Asia- Pacific from Japanese occupation, but the development of the atom bomb (of which the USSR were unaware about) meant that an alliance between them no longer needed to be maintained. This led to a direct confrontation between the two ideologies. However, concerns over insecurity were prominent on both sides and was also thought to be an origin of the Cold War. Stalin’s insecurity stemmed from the fact that he had been through the attacks by the democratic US twice- first in the 1917 Bolshevik revolution, and the second time before WWII when US and the West had allowed Hitler to rearm. Stalin’s insecurity was therefore derived from the fear that too many countries in Europe would become ruled by democracy and capitalism and the USA would once again try to crush communist rule. The US did not inform Stalin that they had the atomic bomb, and the release of the bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima was interpreted as an act of threat from the USA to Stalin, warning them that they had- in Truman’s words- ‘a bomb of exceptional power’. The USA further added to Soviet insecurity by making every effort to retain nuclear monopoly through the Baruch Plan, and also by ending Lend Lease in 1945, thus crippling USSR’s damaged economy even further. Their insistence on a Wilsonian Europe and apparent endorsement of Churchill’s Iron curtain speech made it seem like they were forcefully imposing their democratic ideals onto the rest of Europe. Stalin’s insecurities, already developed by USA’s attempts at crushing communism before WWII, were only fuelled by these factors. His desire to seek security was therefore understandable, but he did so in a way that sparked suspicion in the USA instead, perpetuating tensions between the two countries. Stalin equated territory with security, and his implementation of salami tactics was successful in creating an Eastern Europe buffer zone of satellite states, with communist governments set up in states around USSR, all loyal to the Moscow government. Stalin’s concerns over insecurity thus drove him to divide Europe into two spheres of influence, which was exactly what piqued USA’s insecurity. USA believed that it was due to the division of fascist, democratic and communist ideology in Europe that caused WWII, and it was also due to the policy of appeasement from Britain and France towards Germany that allowed Hitler to claim such a large portion of territory. The USA saw Stalin’s usage of salami tactics- the systematic conversion of Eastern European states to communism- as a repeat of what happened with Hitler pre WWII. The USA thus acted on their concerns over insecurity by implementing the Truman doctrine and the Marshall Plan- their ‘containment policy’, where they used any means short of war to contain communism within its borders. Stalin called the Marshall Plan an act of ‘dollar imperialism’ and believed it was an attempt to spread democracy and capitalism through money. Ironically, Stalin’s concerns over insecurity was caused by the US, and his response to that insecurity was what caused USA’s own concerns over insecurity, and their response to that insecurity via the TD and MP only further fuelled the USSR’s insecurity- and thus both ends were trapped in a vicious cycle which only led to heightened tensions and conflict. In conclusion, although both ideologies and concerns over insecurity were thought to be origins of cold war, it was more ideologies than concerns over insecurity that was the origin of the cold war. The concerns over insecurity could be explained by the fact that, fundamentally, the USA and USSR were very different. From the civil war in 1917, it was clear that democracy has been opposed to communism, and the communist’s internationalist ideals was what struck fear in the hearts of the democrats, who sought to convert Europe into a democratic continent because of their firm belief that if the nations prospered, there would be less chances of war. Concerns over insecurity was therefore an underlying factor of the fact that the ideologies of the two nations were mutually exclusive- more countries under communist rule meant a spread of communism, which was unacceptable to USA, and more democratic countries was an act of dollar imperialism, which was unacceptable to USSR. The origins of the cold war was therefore more of ideologies than concerns over insecurity.

Saturday, April 4, 2020

Allegory Of The Cave Essays - Philosophy, Platonism, Epistemology

Allegory Of The Cave The Allegory of the cave The Allegory of the Cave, like most things in philosophy, can be deciphered in many different ways. It basically says that people are chained to the wall of a cave and they have nothing to look at but shadows on the wall that are provided by another. This is all that they know and have never been out of the cave. That tells nothing on the surface, but once one looks really hard a few messages or meanings can be interpreted from the Allegory. The main point of the Allegory of the Cave is to give an example of the way that we all live our lives. Except for a chosen few like Christ, Gandhi and maybe even Socrates, no one is really enlighten, or has seen what life is all about. The remainder of the Earth's inhabitants see what we think is reality when actually it is, persay, the shadows of true reality. The Shadow makers represent the opinions makers, or the people that make us look at the world the way we do. An opinion maker can be anyone, a priest telling you how God wants you to live, ones parents teach them morals or the television. These shadows make us think that this is the way to live and that this is what is important in the world. As stated before, few can break the chains and escape the cave. When they do and find out what true reality is, most come back and want to spread the truth. In most cases these people are looked down upon for not conforming or for trying to poison the minds of others. Look at Christ, he was crucified for trying to teach as was Socrates. The main point of the Allegory is to illustrate the way in which we live and show how what we think is reality merely are shadows. I seem to think there is another meaning to the Allegory of the Cave. I agree with the interpretations of the story up to a point. The part where my believes differ is upon leaving the cave. I do believe while on Earth some do break their chains and escape the cave to see what reality is, however I believe that we all eventually break the chains some just do it while on Earth. What is meant by that is in death we break the chains. The Allegory says that it is painful to break the chains, and in most cases death is not pleasant but painful. Once out of the chains, there is indecision, what to do, where to go. Only when the sunlight is spotted from the cave entrance does one know where to go. Again death echoes this same pattern. Many say after death there is indecision until the bright light draws them toward it. The Outside of the cave, the true reality, then is a symbol of heaven. Both represent a better place, a sort of paradise where things can be more clearly understood. This interpretation may conflict with an earlier statement that suggests that some break the chains and become enlightened while on earth but it does not. Those who are lucky enough to have found true reality while on Earth were the exception. They did not have to die to find out what others find out after death. Digressing, the cave is an example of the Earth and the way we live our lives. The breaking of the chains represent death in the sense that we break free from our physical forms and now are an essence that is free to explore new worlds. Heaven is represented by the outside of the cave. It is what is strived for by all, to escape the cave and go somewhere better and become something better. The Allegory of the Cave is a direct comparison to that of the process of dying and accention into heaven. The Allegory of the Cave is and illustration of the way humans look at the Earth and what we fell is reality. Most do not escape this warped thinking until death. Few break free and see what true reality is while on

Sunday, March 8, 2020

The Demographic Transition Definition in Sociology

The Demographic Transition Definition in Sociology Demographic transition is a model used to represent the movement of high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates as a country develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system. It works on the premise that birth and death rates are connected to and correlate with stages of industrial development. The demographic transition model is sometimes referred to as DTM and is based on historical data and trends.   The Four Stages of Transition   Demographic transition involves four stages:   Stage 1: Death rates and birth rates are high and are roughly in balance, a common condition of a pre-industrial society. Population growth is very slow, influenced in part by the availability of food. The U.S. was said to be in Stage 1 in the 19th century.   Stage 2: This is the developing country phase. Death rates drop rapidly due to improvements in food supply and sanitation, which increases life spans and reduces disease. Without a corresponding fall in birth rates, countries in this stage experience a large increase in population. Stage 3: Birth rates fall due to access to contraception, increases in wages, urbanization, an increase in the status and education of women, and other social changes. Population growth begins to level off. Mexico is believed to be in this stage in the early decades of the millennium. Northern Europe entered this stage in the later part of the 19th century.   Stage 4:  Birth rates and death rates are both low in this stage. People born during S tage 2 are now beginning to age and require the support of a dwindling working population. Birth rates may drop below replacement level, considered to be two children per family. This leads to a shrinking population. Death rates may remain consistently low, or they may increase slightly due to increases in lifestyle diseases linked to low exercise levels and high obesity. Sweden has reached this stage in the 21st century.   The Fifth Stage of Transition   Some theorists include a fifth stage in which fertility rates begin to transition again to either above or below that which is necessary to replace the percentage of the population that is lost to death. Some say fertility levels decrease during this stage while others hypothesize that they increase. Rates are expected to increase populations in Mexico, India and the U.S. in the 21st century, and to decrease populations in Australia and China.   Birth and death rates largely plateaued in most developed nations in the late 1900s.   The Timetable There is no prescribed time within which these stages should or must take place to fit the model. Some countries, like Brazil and China, have moved through them quickly due to rapid economic changes within their borders. Other countries may languish in Stage 2 for a much longer period due to development challenges and diseases like AIDS.   Additionally, other factors not considered in the DTM can affect population. Migration and immigration are not included in this model and can affect population.

Friday, February 21, 2020

Review of a journal article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Review of a journal - Article Example The researchers determined occupational exposure’s frequency as well as the characteristics associated with this exposure. The electronic health record (EHR) was reviewed to determine the frequency of potential missed exposures. The EHR data revealed the cases of laboratory-confirmed pertussis that were not included in the records of OH or IPC. The researchers found 1193 confirmed cases of HCW’s exposure to pertussis linked with a total of 219 index cases in the course of the period of study. 38.8 per cent of these cases were infants up to 6 months of age whereas 7 cases were of HCWs. 77.5 per cent of the exposures had taken place in an ambulatory site or the emergency department whereas 27.0 per cent of the exposures had taken place after the IPC precautions had been initiated in documents. The researchers’ EHR review led to the discovery of 450 cases of pertussis confirmed in the laboratory of which 49.8 per cent had taken place without any IPC or OH investigat ion. Most of the cases that had not been investigated belonged to the ambulatory sites. The conclusions that can be drawn from this research are that occupational exposure to pertussis is something that takes place in the pediatric health care settings quite frequently in spite of the appropriate guidelines provided by IPC. Consistent and effective implementation of the practices suggested by IPC imparts a need for interventions and timely reporting of the cases of pertussis index so that exposure of the HCWs to pertussis and the infection’s transmission to patients can be prevented. This cross-sectional study was based on a retrospective review of the records of IPCD and OHD in which the data was retrieved from a large quaternary pediatric care network. A strength of the research is that the researchers identified all investigated cases of exposure of the HCWs to